The most important port in Latin America is located in the State of São Paulo: the Port of Santos. In 2015, the Port of the Santos moved US$ 99 billion in imports and exports, 27.3% of all Brazilian trade. There is another important port in São Paulo: Port of São Sebastião.
In addition to these two ports, Panorama and Presidente Epitácio are river ports which play an important role transporting large volumes of cargo with a low aggregate value, mostly soy bean and its by-products. These ports connect the States of Mato Grosso, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul with the Tietê-Paraná waterway or with the State road and rail networks.
Trades at the Port of Santos represents a significant portion of Brazilian agricultural and industrial exports. The port services the States of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and Paraná as well as other countries in the Mercosul trade block.
Fed by a road network, complemented by railroads linking to the Tietê-Paraná Waterway and close to the Country's two principle international airports, the Port of Santos offers excellent interlinking transportation options.
With a total operational area of 7.8 million square meters (m²), around 16 kilometers (km) (10 miles) of quays, 55 marine terminals and 65 mooring berths (51 public and 14 private), the port has warehouses specially adapted for bulk solids, sugar, soybeans, wheat, fertilizers, salt and tanks for chemical and fuel products.
There are also 500,000 m² of covered warehouses, 980,000 m² of storage yard, 585,000 m³ of tanks, 55 km (34 miles) of pipelines and 200 km (124 miles) of internal rail lines in the Port of Santos (ANTAQ – 2015).
Located on the State of São Paulo's northern coast, 200 km (124 miles) from the state capital, in addition to servicing the São Paulo Metropolitan Area, the Port of São Sebastião also services the Vale do Paraíba, Sorocaba, Campinas, Piracicaba and the state of Goiás. In 2014, the port moved 730,000 tonnes of cargo in its public commercial quays, mainly in the form of bulk solids such as sodium carbonate and sodium sulfate.