Two of Brazil's most important maritime ports are located in the State of São Paulo: the Port of Santos and the Port of São Sebastião. In 2012, the Port of the Santos moved US$ 120 billion in imports and exports, 25.8% of all Brazilian trade, representing a growth of 1.6% compared to the previous year, according to data released by the Companhia Docas do Estado de São Paulo (Codesp) (State of São Paulo Dock Company).
In addition to these two ports, Panorama and Presidente Epitácio are river ports which play an important role transporting large volumes of cargo with a low aggregate value, mostly soy bean and its by-products. These ports connect the States of Mato Grosso, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul with the Tietê-Paraná waterway or with the State road and rail networks.
Trade at the Port of Santos, the largest port in Latin America, represents a significant portion of Brazilian agricultural and industrial exports. The port services the States of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and Paraná as well as other countries in the Mercosul trade block.
Fed by a road network, complemented by railroads linking to the Tietê-Paraná Waterway and close to the Country's two principle international airports, the Port of Santos offers excellent interlinking transportation options.
With a total operational area of 7.7 million square meters (m²) - (3.7 million m² on the right border and 4 million m² on the left border), 13 kilometers (km) of quays and 59 mooring berths (49 public and 10 private), the port has 550,000 m² of terminals specially adapted for grains, fertilizer, bulk liquids, vehicles and containers.
The Port of Santos has 55 km of pipelines and 100 km of rail lines. The tide variation is 1.2 meters. The Port of Santos has a static storage capacity of approximately 700,000 m³ for bulk liquids. The port can store 2.5 million tonnes of bulk solids (Codesp - 2012).
Located on the State of São Paulo's northern coast, 200 km (124 miles) from the state capital, in addition to servicing the São Paulo Metropolitan Area, the Port of São Sebastião also services the Vale do Paraíba, Sorocaba, Campinas, Piracicaba and the state of Goiás. In 2012, the port moved 872,000 tonnes of cargo in its public commercial quays, mainly in the form of bulk solids such as sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate and barley.